Travel to Guinea, the itineraries organized by TransAfrica
Travel to Guinea with TransAfrica, itineraries in Africa organized and designed in detail by our team of professionals. The name of the country probably comes from from the term Susu which means “woman”. The Italian translation, however, comes from the Portuguese Guiné, the indigenous name of Africa. In reality, Guinea could also derive from the Berber Akal n-Inguinawen: “land of blacks“.
Guinea is a state in West Africa and borders Guinea Bissau, Senegal and Mali to the north, Ivory Coast, Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south, while to the west it overlooks the Atlantic Ocean. The territory of Guinea encompasses the spring of the rivers Niger, Senegal and Gambia. Aside from the capital Conarky, the cities are not very inhabited, the population is continuously growing but is largely rural. While traveling in Guinea, one realizes that the inhabitants of the country are concentrated especially in the forest region, where many refugees from neighbouring states flowed during the civil wars in these countries.
In addition to the capital Conakry, other important cities are Kankan, Labé and Kindia. Conakry houses the National Museum of Guinea, but also several other attractions that make it the largest city in the country. The other centres often develop around peak economic activities, such as mining. Nzérékoré, to the south, is the most important city in the forest part of Guinea.
Travel to Guinea, destination of our itineraries
Guinea is divided into four distinct areas: a narrow flat coastal strip, the Futa Jalon plateau, the arid north-eastern lowlands and the Forest Region in the south-eastern part of the country. The rivers Gambia and Senegal and part of Niger are born from the Fouta Jalon plateau, which exceeds 1,500 meters above sea level. The southeaster part of Guinea is flat and covered with dense vegetation, but the virgin rainforest survives only in a few sections.
Large animals are rarely seen, although the forest is populated by water antelopes, buffaloes, baboons, leopards and lions, and the waters of the rivers by crocodiles, manatees and hippos. Two noteworthy amphibians, both endemic to Mont Nimba, are the frog goliath, which can weigh up to three kilos, and the toad of Mont Nimba, which gives birth to fully developed frogs. Guinea is one of the last strongholds of chimpanzees. As Guinea borders Ivory Coast and Senegal, countries which admit ivory trade, the country’s already small elephant population is particularly at risk.
The environmental problems of Guinea
There are many protected areas in Guinea, although little is done to enforce environmental protection regulations. The Monte Nimba Nature Reserve, in the extreme southeast of the country, along the border with the Ivory Coast, is classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. But that did not stop the government from opening an iron mine on the mountainside. Nearby, is the Forêt Classée de Ziama, where the rainforest remains unspoiled and elephants are often seen. Guinea’s environmental protection figures are alarming. The population of almost all animal species is constantly decreasing. Furthermore, for most of the flora and fauna, a collection of fundamental data has never been carried out. However, the main problem remains deforestation.